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Bills and Legislation in Germany

Bills and Legislation in Germany


A presentation from Marc and Sarah


What are Bills?


A bill is like a playing rule. It determines what we can do and can not do. Many bills are very simple. Every child knows them, for example, that no one must steal. Other laws are more complicated. The bills are written in code. Anyone who does not follow a bill that gets in trouble, because the bills apply to all people in Germany. If many people follow the bills, the people can live together better.


How do you make Bills?


Sometimes a new bill is needed, or a bill that has been around, is to be changed. Then the idea for this bill is written, for example, members of the Bundestag, the Federal Government or the Bundesrat, in which all 16 federal states in Germany are represented. The idea is called a written draft of the bill and the design of a new bill to get all members in the Bundestag.

In other deputies, they discuss the draft. Often, some members of the design are good, some not. Some write their own design, like it better.


The member will meet in the Chamber to discuss together what they find in the design and what did not. This is called "Reading" or "advice" and it’s actually read before. Instead, discuss the deputies who found the draft well, with those who do not find him good.

The discussions are sometimes quite lively. But even in this Chamber are regulated, for example, one should not insult other members. The Bundestag President shall direct the debate so that all have their say


Not only in the Chamber, but also in the committees will talk about the draft. The committees are working groups composed of members who are familiar with a topic very well. The committees read all the details of the draft even more closely. Sometimes they also invite experts who are not MPs.

The experts can not explain much more accurate. The committees prepare the draft so that as many Members are happy with it. They also give a recommendation: It should be a law, for we find the design good! Or rejects him, he likes us! Sometimes, the design also will be rewritten again.


The members also meet for a second and third reading in the Chamber to give all Members an opportunity to voice their opinion on the Draft Law to. If the majority of deputies to the design right, he is adopted. The tuning works mostly like in school: the deputies raise their hands. For certain types of laws they must also cast colored cards in a box.

A red card means "No, I'm against it", a blue means "Yes, I'm for it." A white card is called "no nor yes, I am abstaining. Then the cards are counted accurately.


If the parliament adopted a draft new law, the Federal Council must also approve before it can be in the draft law. In the Bundesrat, the 16 federal states are represented by Germany. The states must approve the design so that laws are always useful for all parts of Germany. If the majority of the members of the Federal Council with the draft agreement, the President must consider the law and sign.

The Federal President is the head of state of Germany, he will represent Germany with other countries


If the states have the impression that the law would not make sense for them, they vote in the Bundesrat, however. Thus in the draft but can still be a law, the mediation committee to try to find a compromise. The Mediation Committee as a mediator. They often do the same. Then he President must consider the law. The new law can enter into force when it has nothing to say against it. The Act is printed.



What is done in a plenary?


Here in the chamber the German Bundestag votes for Bills. Chamber of the German Bundestag is in the Reichstag building. He is the hall, which brings together all Members to advise, discuss and vote on new laws.

In the Chamber is room for all 622 MPs. There are 622 chairs, many also have a table. The seats are arranged in a semicircle. The members sit by each other but not, but always accompanied by colleagues from her group. The sites for the members of a group are more closely together and in the form of a pie piece is arranged. It is regulated to prevent a political group must always sit in the back.

The members of the federal government, which the Chancellor and the ministers, are indeed often present at the plenary sessions of the Bundestag. Some of them are also members. But the parliament has very different tasks than the federal government. The Chancellor is working mainly in the Federal Chancellery. The ministers are working in the 14 ministries, including the Ministry of Family Affairs or the Ministry of Environment.



The Bundestag


The Bundestag is the parliament of Germany. He is based in the capital Berlin. The parliament represents the will of the people. This is where politicians from all over Germany - the so-called deputies. They are normally elected every four years, and by the citizens, at the time of the election at least 18 years old. The task for the Bundestag is above all the legislation and government control. The MPs also choose the Chancellor.


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